Te absolvo or absolvo te, translated, "I forgive you," said by Roman Catholic priests during the Sacrament of Confession prior to Vatican II.
A legal maxim denoting that any accused person is entitled to make a plea of not guilty, and also that a witness is not obliged to give a response or submit a document that will incriminate himself.
In literature, refers to a story told from the beginning rather than in medias res (from the middle).
In law, refers to something being the case from the start or from the instant of the act, rather than from when the court declared it so.
Also anno urbis conditae Expresses the wish that no insult or wrong be conveyed by the speaker's words, i.e., "no offense". Unlike the English expression "no offense", absit invidia is intended to ward off jealous deities who might interpret a statement of excellence as hubris.
Also rendered absit iniuria verbis "let injury be absent from these words". Also extended to absit invidia verbo, meaning "may ill will/jealousy be absent from these words." Contrast with absit iniuria. A legal term said by a judge acquitting a defendant following a trial.
In philosophy, used to denote something that can be known without empirical experience.
In everyday speech, it denotes something occurring or being known before the event.
Thus, "from time immemorial", "since the beginning of time" or "from an infinitely remote time in the past".
In theology, often indicates something, such as the universe, that was created outside of time.
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From Psalm 72:8, "Et dominabitur a mari usque ad mare, et a flumine usque ad terminos terrae" (KJV: "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth"). Based on observation (i.e., empirical knowledge), the reverse of a priori.
Not to be confused with a reductio ad absurdum, which is usually a valid logical argument.