Sculpture regressed to being little more than a simple technique for the ornamentation of sarcophagi, altars, and ecclesiastical furniture.
) came under the rule of the Roman Empire from the first century BC to the fifth century AD.
Southern France, and especially Provence and Languedoc, is known for its many intact Gallo-Roman monuments.
The Gallo-Roman period left a distinctive provincial style of sculpture, and the region around the modern Franco-German border led the empire in the mass production of finely decorated Ancient Roman pottery, which was exported to Italy and elsewhere on a large scale.
With Merovingian art the story of French styles as a distinct and influential element in the wider development of the art of Christian Europe begins.
The advent of the Merovingian dynasty in Gaul during the fifth century led to important changes in the arts.
In architecture, there was no longer the desire to build robust and harmonious buildings.
The unification of the Frankish kingdom under Clovis I (465–511) and his successors, corresponded with the need to build churches.
The plans for them probably were copied from Roman basilicas.
The Carolingian era is the first period of the Medieval art movement known as Pre-Romanesque.
For the first time, Northern European kings patronized classical Mediterranean Roman art forms, blending classical forms with Germanic ones, creating entirely new innovations in figurine line drawing, and setting the stage for the rise of Romanesque art and, eventually, Gothic art in the West.
The Grand-Pressigny area was known for its precious silex blades and they were extensively exported during the Neolithic. From the Proto-Celtic Urnfield and Hallstat cultures, a continental Iron age Celtic art developed; mainly associated with La Tène culture, which flourished during the late Iron Age from 450 BC to the Roman conquest in the first century BC.