In 1835–1836, Texans fought and won independence from Mexico.
Texas thus became an independent country with its own president, congress, and monetary system. Lamar visited the area during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 18, he proposed that the republic's capital, then in Houston, be relocated to the area situated on the north bank of the Colorado River (near the present-day Congress Avenue Bridge). Lamar, second president of the newly formed Republic of Texas, advised the commissioners to investigate the area named Waterloo, noting the area's hills, waterways, and pleasant surroundings.
state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
It is the fastest growing large city in the United States, within the greater Texas Hill Country, the city is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake, Barton Springs, Mc Kinney Falls, the Colorado River, Lake Travis, and Lake Walter E. It is the cultural and economic center of the metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,056,405 as of July 1, 2016.
Black communities such as Wheatville, Pleasant Hill, and Clarksville were established, with Clarksville being the oldest surviving freedomtown ‒ the original post-Civil War settlements founded by former African-American slaves ‒ west of the Mississippi River.
Cotton was one of the few crops produced locally for export, and a cotton gin engine was located downtown near the trains for "ginning" cotton of its seeds and turning the product into bales for shipment.
The third annual International Women and Girls in Science Day will be celebrated worldwide on Feb.
11 in order to recognize the achievements of women in science and to encourage girls to study science.However, as the war progressed and fears of attack by Union forces increased, Austin contributed hundreds of men to the Confederate forces.The African American population of Austin swelled dramatically after the enforcement of the Emancipation Proclamation in Texas by Union General Gordon Granger at Galveston, in an event commemorated as Juneteenth.By 1840, the population had risen to 856, of whom nearly half fled from Austin when Congress recessed.The fear of Austin's proximity to the Indians and Mexico, which still considered Texas a part of their land, created an immense motive for Sam Houston, the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, to relocate the capital once again in 1841.In 1839, the Texas Congress formed a commission to seek a site for a new capital to be named for Stephen F. The original site was narrowed to 640 acres (260 ha) that fronted the Colorado River between two creeks, Shoal Creek and Waller Creek, which was later named in his honor.