The host unit, the 56th Fighter Wing, is tasked to train F-35 and F-16 fighter pilots and maintainers.
Historically, the wing graduated more than 400 F-16 pilots and 470 crew chiefs annually.
In 2004, more than 900 Luke airmen deployed, with most supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom.
An integral part of Luke's F-16 fighter pilot training mission is the Barry M. The range consists of 1,900,000 acres (7,700 km) of airspace where pilots practice air-to-air maneuvers and engage simulated battlefield targets on the ground.
Roughly the size of Connecticut, the immense size of the complex allows for simultaneous training activities on nine air-to-ground and two air-to-air ranges.
The first class of 45 students, Class 41 F, arrived 6 June 1941 to begin advanced flight training in the AT-6, although a few essential buildings had been completed.
Flying out of Sky Harbor Airport until the Luke runways were ready, pilots received 10 weeks of instruction and the first class graduated 15 August 1941.
The new 32,055 square foot, one-story facility is located on a 1.85 acre site at Luke AFB with sufficient parking and a secured perimeter to meet current anti-terrorism and force protection standards.
NOSC Phoenix serves a full-time command and administrative staff, a medical unit, and reservists during drill weekends.
The host command at Luke is the 56th Fighter Wing (56 FW), under Air Education and Training Command's 19th Air Force.
The 56th FW is composed of four groups, 27 squadrons, including six training squadrons.
Then-Captain Barry Goldwater served as director of ground training the following year.
During World War II, Luke Field was the largest fighter training base in the Army Air Forces, graduating more than 12,000 fighter pilots from advanced and operational courses earning the nickname, “Home of the Fighter Pilot.” The base was under the control of the 37th Flying Training Wing (Advanced Single-Engine), Western Flying Training Command, AAF Flying Training Command.
Surviving the crash of his Spad, Lieutenant Luke drew two pistols and fired on German soldiers, killing several of them before he was killed. Army sent a representative to Arizona to choose a site for an Army Air Corps training field for advanced training in conventional fighter aircraft. Another base known as Luke Field, in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, released its name so the Arizona base could be called Luke Field.