In the 1880s, Eadweard Muybridge, at the dawn of the invention of the motion picture, used a device he called a zoopraxiscope to project a series of successive still photographs.The photos would then be played one after the other giving the illusion of movement.Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page.
These nude sessions were not meant for outright public viewing but for the encouraging of theatrical employers or personal guests.
Thus nude photos of women like Menken and Bernhardt are known only to scholars and perhaps theater buffs.
Over the years, nudity in film was a source of scandal and provocation; but its presence today is treated largely naturally, frequently with nudity being shown in scenes that naturally require it, such as those that take place in nature or in the bathroom or in love scenes.
For example, The Blue Lagoon (1980) shows the awakening of the sexual instinct in two shipwrecked young people on a tropical island where nudity is a natural part of the environment in which they find themselves.
She is nevertheless seen with her top covered in surviving stills of these sessions.
At least one later topless photograph of the young Bernhardt made in 1873 survives.Since the development of the medium, inclusion in films of any form of sexuality has been controversial, and in the case of most nude scenes has had to be justified as being part of the story, in the concept of "artistically justifiable nudity".In some cases nudity is itself the object of a film or is used in the development of the character of the subject.Nudity in a sexual context is common in pornographic films, but softcore pornographic films generally avoid depiction of a penis or a vulva.A film on naturism or about people for whom nudity is common may contain non-sexual nudity, and some other non-pornographic films may contain very brief nude scenes.American actress Adah Isaacs Menken created controversy in 1861 when she wore a flesh-colored bodystocking in the play Mazeppa, based on Byron's "Mazeppa", in which she played a Polish man who was tied nude to the back of a wild horse by his enemies.