Odishaa classical dance Odissi and a classical music Odissi music are also well known in India.
The bulk of the region lies on the east coast of India by the Bay of Bengal, and on the Indo-Gangetic plain.
The mighty Nalanda University existed at Nalanda which was destroyed by Bakhtiar Khilji during the 12th century and also defeated Sena Dynasty.
In the 19th century, Calcutta's traders and merchants traded with the rest of the British Empire, continental Europe, the United States and China.
Indentured Indian labourers from Bihar, sailed to new homes in Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Surinam and South Africa.
Eventually the British prevailed, and Calcutta remained capital of Britain's Asian dominions until 1911.
During Gandhi's independence movement, the Bihari village of Champaran was an important supporter of non-violent resistance.
After the Kalinga War the Maurya king Ashoka sent emissaries to spread Buddhism across Asia. Chinese travellers visited Buddhist and Hindu temples and libraries in the universities of Magadha Empire.
The Emperor of Kalinga Mahameghavahana Aira Kharavela was one of the most powerful monarchs of ancient India.After independence in 1947, the states joined the Indian Union and took their current form after the States Reorganisation Act of 1956.Today, they continue to face problems of overpopulation, environmental degradation and pervasive corruption despite significant economic and social progress.India's independence movement had strong roots in East India.The feudal land system, established through the Permanent Settlement of Bengal, was unpopular among the peasant cultivators and the numerous agricultural labourers found all over Bihar and Bengal (Khetmazdoors). British war propaganda asserted there were atrocities by the mutinous soldiers in the Black Hole of Calcutta.It was ruled by indigenous rulers of the Mahameghavahana dynasty, Eastern Ganga dynasty and Gajapati Dynasty.