Jharkhand, on the Chhota Nagpur plateau, is a hilly and a heavily forested state rich in mineral wealth. The region is bounded by the Nepal and Sikkim Himalayas in the north, the states of Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh on the west, the state of Andhra Pradesh in the south and the Bay of Bengal on the east.
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Odishaa classical dance Odissi and a classical music Odissi music are also well known in India.
The bulk of the region lies on the east coast of India by the Bay of Bengal, and on the Indo-Gangetic plain.
The Jain thirkhankar Mahaveer was born here and founded Jainism.
Islamic invasions in the 13th century resulted in the collapse of Hindu kings and most Buddhists, especially in East Bengal, converted to Islam.
West Bengal's capital Kolkata is the largest city of this region.
The Kolkata Metropolitan Area is the country's third largest.
The region was the historical centre of the Nanda, Mahameghavahana dynasty Maurya, Kharavela, Shunga, Kalinga, Eastern Ganga dynasty, Shishunaga dynasty, Gupta and Pala empires that ruled much of the Indian sub-continent at their prime.
In medieval India, it was incorporated into the Mughal, Maratha and then the British empire.
East India including Bihar and West Bengal was part of the Mughal Empire in the 16th and 17th centuries.