Maslow believed people pay attention to higher needs only when lower needs are satisfied.Higher-order conditioning - In classical conditioning, the process by which a neutral stimulus comes to act as a conditioned stimulus by being paired with another stimulus that already evokes a conditioned response.Other symptoms may include changed sleeping or eating patterns, low energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, difficulty concentrating, and recurrent thoughts about suicide.
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Psychoanalysis - A technique developed by Sigmund Freud to treat mental disorders.
It is also a theory of personality developed by Freud that focuses on unconscious forces, the importance of childhood experiences, and division of the psyche into the id, ego, and superego.
The treatments aim to help clients understand the nature of their problems and the meaning of their behavior, thoughts, and feelings.
Major depressive episode - A period of at least two weeks marked by sadness or irritability and loss of interest in activities.
Scalloped response pattern - The phenomenon in which responses are slow in the beginning of the interval and faster just before reinforcement happens.
It occurs as a result of a fixed-interval schedule.In operant conditioning, it’s the gradual disappearance of a response after it stops being reinforced.Hierarchy of needs theory - The idea, proposed by Abraham Maslow, that people are motivated by needs on four levels.Schizophrenia - A disorder involving a loss of contact with reality and symptoms that may include some of the following: hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech or behavior, emotional flatness, social withdrawal, decreased richness of speech, and lack of motivation.Self-effacing bias - The tendency of people in certain cultures to attribute their successes to situational factors rather than to personal attributes and to attribute their failures to lack of effort.It states that inherited characteristics that give an organism a reproductive or survival advantage are passed on more often to future generations than other inherited characteristics.