Made of quarry the building consists of two levels: the first is a portal with voussoir arches, supported by padded ornamental columns.The second level of the portal, showcases the main balcony with a prominent bell; a replica of the "Campana de Dolores".
On average, Durango receives 529 millimetres (20.8 in) of precipitation per year and there are 59 days with measureable precipitation.
The wettest month recorded was August 1973 with 277.2 millimetres (10.9 in) and the record rainfall for a single day is 108.5 millimetres (4.3 in) on September 15, 1994.
In the eastern region, the average annual temperature is 19 °C (66 °F) and precipitation amounts to 500 millimetres (20 in).
Winters are mild, with an average daytime high of 21 °C (70 °F) in January, the coldest month.
Due to untamed territory and also to prevent a reduction in population, Ibarra bought a mine that offered the Indigenous peoples and the Spanish explorers work, with the sole condition that they in turn would settle in the new-founded city.
As in the colonial history of many cities, the founding of Durango is not exempt from the participation of many historical figures, some of which, in addition to Don Francisco de Ibarra, were the scribe Don Sebastian Quiroz, who produced the first correspondence record, the lieutenant Martin Renteria, who carried the banner of conquest, and the captain's Alonso Pacheco, Martín López de Ibarra, Bartolome de Arreola and Martín de Gamon.
By the 16th century, the first conquerors who crossed through its territory were Cristobal de Oñate, José Angulo and Gines Vazquez del Mercado, the latter attracted by the illusion of the existence of a large supply of silver; he had ultimately discovered a special deposit of iron, which now bears his name.
In 1562 Don Francisco de Ibarra, the son of one of the celebrated founders of Zacatecas, explored the region and founded the Villa de Guadiana, near the old settlement of Nombre de Dios which soon became known as the Nueva Vizcaya in memory of the western Basque area he was originating from, then called Biscay.
The city of Durango has a semi-arid climate, classified as BSk in the Köppen climate classification system.
The climate is temperate in the western portion (the mountainous region), with the average annual temperature being 15 °C (59 °F) and an average annual rainfall of 1,600 millimetres (63 in).
It is between 22 ° 40 'and 26 ° 50' north latitude and between the meridian 102 ° 25 '55 "and 107 ° 08'50" west latitude relative to Greenwich.