During this time Anchorage became known as the "Green Apple of the Arctic." Several attempts have been made to move Alaska's state capital from Juneau to Anchorage – or to a site closer to Anchorage.
The motivation is straightforward: the "railbelt" between Anchorage and Fairbanks contains the majority of the state's population.
The two recorded instances of this occurred in 19.) of it is water. Boroughs and census areas adjacent to the Municipality of Anchorage are Matanuska-Susitna Borough to the north, Kenai Peninsula Borough to the south and Valdez-Cordova Census Area to the east.
The Chugach National Forest, a national protected area, extends into the southern part of the municipality, near Girdwood and Portage.
The city is on a strip of coastal lowland and extends up the lower alpine slopes of the Chugach Mountains.
Point Campbell, the westernmost point of Anchorage on the mainland, juts out into Cook Inlet near its northern end, at which point it splits into two arms.
Communities such as Fairbanks and much of rural Alaska opposed moving the capital to Anchorage for fear of concentrating more power in the state's largest city.
As a result, in 1976 voters approved a plan to build a new capital city near Willow, about 70 miles (110 km) north of Anchorage.
Robert Atwood, owner of the Anchorage Times and a tireless booster for the city, championed the move.
Alaskans rejected attempts to move the capital in 19, but in 1974, as Alaska's center of population moved away from Southeast Alaska and to the railbelt, voters approved the move.
The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure process led to the combining of the two bases (along with Kulis Air National Guard Base) to form Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson. In 1968 ARCO discovered oil in Prudhoe Bay on the Alaska North Slope, and the resulting oil boom spurred further growth in Anchorage.