No trace is to be found in the "Bullarium romanum" of the order called the Wing of St.
Anthony of Ethiopia, an imposture almost immediately unmasked by another Oriental, the learned Abraham Echelensis (1646).
At the court of Louis XIV, a negro -- brought to France from the Gold Coast -- posed as a prince, even securing the honour of being baptised by Bossuet (1686), and instituted the Order of the Star of Our Lady before returning to his alleged dominions.
Louis was supposed to have founded on the eve of the crusade to Tunis where he died (1270), nor of that of the Argonauts of St.
Nicholas, attributed to Charles III, King of Naples, 1382.
Philippe de Mezières, chancellor of the King of Cyprus, drew up the statutes of an Order of the Passion of Christ (1360) the text of which has recently been published, but which were never enforced.
After the conquest of Lemnos from the Turks, Pope Pius II founded an order of Our Lady of Bethlehem, intending to transfer to it the possessions of older orders which no longer fulfilled their purpose (1459), but the loss of the island prevented its institution.George, which he pretended to trace to Constantine the Great.In 1632, Balthasar Giron, who called himself an Abyssinian, brought to Europe an order no less ancient, that of St.The Lesser Regular Orders There is mention in the twelfth century, in Castile, of an Order of Montjoie, confirmed by Alexander III (1180), but difficult to distinguish from the Order of Calatrava, with which it was soon amalgamated.In 1191, after the siege of Acre, Richard I of England founded there in fulfilment of a vow, the Order of St.The same fate befell the German Order of the Christian Militia, projected (1615) under Paul V ; the Order of the French order of The Magdalen for the suppression of duelling (1614); and the Order of the Conception of Our Lady, the statutes of which, drawn up by the Duke of Mantua and approved by Urban VIII (1623) have remained a dead letter. The orders of any historical existence may be reduced to three categories: (a) The Greater Regular Orders; (b) The Lesser Regular Orders; (c) The Secular Orders.