From north to south, Vermont is 159 miles (256 km) long. federal border crossings between Vermont and Canada.Its greatest width, from east to west, is 89 miles (143 km) at the Canada–U. border; the narrowest width is 37 miles (60 km) at the Massachusetts line. The state's geographic center is approximately three miles (5 km) east of Roxbury, in Washington County. The origin of the name "Vermont" is uncertain, but likely comes from the French les Verts Monts, meaning "the Green Mountains".
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Vermont has a humid continental climate, with muddy springs, in general a mild early summer, hot Augusts; it has colorful autumns: Vermont's hills reveal red, orange, and (on sugar maples) gold foliage as cold weather approaches.
The rural northeastern section known as the "Northeast Kingdom" often averages 10 °F (5.6 °C) colder than the southern areas of the state during winter.
years ago, the second mountain building period created Green Mountain peaks that were 15,000–20,000 feet (4,600–6,100 m) tall, three to four times their current height and comparable to the Himalayas.
The geological pressures that created those peaks remain evident as the Champlain Thrust, running north–south to the west of the mountains (now the eastern shore of Lake Champlain).
say that the mountains were called green because they were more forested than the higher White Mountains of New Hampshire and Adirondacks of New York; others say that the predominance of mica-quartz-chlorite schist, a green-hued metamorphosed shale, is the reason.
The Green Mountain range forms a north–south spine running most of the length of the state, slightly west of its center.
France ceded the territory to Great Britain after being defeated in 1763 in the Seven Years' War.
For many years, the nearby colonies, especially the provinces of New Hampshire and New York, disputed control of the area (then called the New Hampshire Grants).
The most populous city in Vermont is Burlington, and its metropolitan area is also the most populous in the state with an estimate of 214,796 as of 2013.
Although these towns are large enough to be considered cities, they are not incorporated as such.
As of 2015, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States.